Mrs Elizabeth QUARTERMAN, née Gadney (1803–1857)
Her aunt Mrs Sarah CASTLE (c.1779–1858)
St Paul section: Row 11, Grave A18 [St Paul ref. O.8]

Quarterman and Castle



[IHS at the top surrounded by
a quotation from Psalm 16]


to the Memory of
Elizabeth Wife of
Abel Quarterman
of Summertown,
Born May xvii Mdccciii
Deceased April xxiv Mdccclvii



Sarah Castle wife of
William Castle of Witney and
Aunt of the above
Deceased May xxvi Mdccclviii
Aged lxxix.



Elizabeth Gadney was born in Oxford on 17 May 1803 and baptised at All Saints Church on 19 May. She was the daughter of Thomas Gadney and Elizabeth Davis, who were married at St Mary Magdalen Church on 12 July 1790. They had two other children baptised at All Saints: Thomas Gadney (1799) and John Gadney (1801).

Her future husband Abel Quarterman was born in Oxford on 2 April 1796 and baptised at St Mary Magdalen Church on 22 April. His parents were John Quarterman and the widow Mrs Ann Bricknell, who were married at that church on 29 July 1787. They had one other child, Ann Quarterman, baptised there in 1793.

116 & 117 High Street

On 28 July 1828 at All Saints Church, Oxford, Elizabeth Gadney married Abel Quarterman, and they were both described as being of that parish. In Robson's Directory for 1839 Elizabeth's husband Abel Quarterman was listed as a breeches maker at 117 High Street in All Saints' parish (the right-hand side of the present Oxford University Press bookshop, shown right).

They had the following children, all born over their High Street shop and baptised at All Saints Church:

  • Mary Ann Quarterman (bap. 9 September 1829)
  • William Abel Quarterman (bap. 13 June 1832)
  • Richard Henry Quarterman (bap. 4 May 1834)
  • Kate Gadney Quarterman (bap. 21 June 1836)
  • John Frederick Quarterman (born 28 July, bap. 23 August 1838)
  • Edward Gadney Quarterman (born 12 February, bap. 14 March 1841)
  • Charles Thomas Quarterman (born 31 July, bap. 21 September 1843).

At the time of the 1841 census Elizabeth and Abel were living over their shop in the High Street with their children William (9), Richard (7), Kate (5), John (3), and Edward (four months). Their eldest daughter Mary Ann (21) was the governess of the King family in Leckford, Hampshire.

Abel Quarterman's business was still in the High Street in 1846, but by the time of the 1851 census Abel (55), who continued to work as a breeches maker, and Elizabeth (47) were living in Summertown with their four youngest children Kate (15), John Frederick (13), Edward (10), and Charles (7), as well as Elizabeth's brother Richard Gadney (39), who was a cook. Their daughter Mary Ann (21) was the governess of the King family in Leckford, Hampshire, and their son William (18) was a tailor's cutter, living at 3 Sherborne Street, Marylebone with his maternal uncle John Gadney (31) and his wife Ellen (30) and their young sons Frank and Alfred. Their son Richard (17) is hard to find in 1851.

Mrs Quarterman died of phthisis in 1857.

† Mrs Elizabeth Quarterman née Gadney died at Walton Place (now Walton Street) at the age of 53 on 24 April 1857 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 30 April (burial recorded in the parish register of St Paul's Church).

Mrs Sarah Castle

Elizabeth's aunt Sarah was born in c.1779, probably in Witney, but cannot be positively identified.

[It is possible that she was the Sarah Williams who married Limbrough Selman or Sellman (baptised at Witney on 6 September 1778) at Holywell (St Cross) Church on 11 October 1800, when they were both living in that parish. If that is the case, she could be the widow Mrs Sarah Selman who married William Castle at Witney on 9 November 1818.]

In any event, Sarah was certainly described as the wife of William Castle of Witney on her headstone.

At the time of the 1841 census Sarah (aged about 60) was living in the High Street, Witney with her husband William Castle (aged about 50), who was a cordwainer.

William Castle died in Witney at the age of 56 in 1845 and was buried there on 24 January.

In 1851 there is a widow Sarah Castle, born and living in Witney, who is described as a proprietor of houses (but if this is the right identification her age is wrongly recorded).

Sarah Castle was probably went to live with the Quartermans in Walton Place (now Walton Street) in the later 1850s. She died there in the year following her niece Elizabeth Quarterman's death, and was buried in her grave:

† Mrs Sarah Castle died at Walton Place (now Walton Street) at the age of 79 on 26 May 1858 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 3 June (burial recorded in the parish register of St Paul's Church).

Elizabeth Quarterman's husband

Abel Quarterman (66) had moved to Ampthill, Bedfordshire by 1861 and was living at Little Park Almshouses there. He was still at that address in 1871, and died at Ampthill at the age of 84 in 1879.

Children of Elizabeth and Abel Quarterman
  • Mary Ann Quarterman (born 1829) never married. In 1861 she was aged 31 and the governess to a farmer's family in Fewcott; and in 1871 she was the companion of a lady at the Manor House in Iffley. She is hard to find in the 1881 and 1891 censuses, but in 1901 when she was aged 71 she was the companion of an Oxford-born lady Mrs Maria Saunders at 3 Gladstone Terrace, Brighton. Mary Ann was probably living with her widowed sister Kate when she died at Boscombe, Bournemouth at the age of 79 on 17 May 1909.
  • William Abel Quarterman (born 1832) appears to have emigrated to the USA, and died at Columbia, Maury, Tennessee on 6 May 1923.
  • Richard Henry Quarterman (born 1834) appears to have emigrated to New Zealand, and died at Silverstream there on 21 September 1912.
  • Kate Gadney Quarterman (born 1836) was paying a visit to the Phillips family in Southampton at the time of the 1861 census. On 15 September 1863 at St Paul's Church, Oxford, Kate, who was still living at Walton Place (now Walton Street), married the widower Robert William Rouse, who was an organ builder of Summertown. In 1871 Kate (36) was living on the Woodstock Road in Summertown with her husband Richard (48) and their children Sarah (14) and Richard (3). They were still there in 1881 and had a third child, Herbert John Rouse (7); and in 1891 with their two younger children. By 1901 Kate (63) was a widow, and her three children were all unmarried: she and her daughter Sarah (44) and son Hubert (27), who was a photographer's assistant, were living at 32 Ashley Road, Boscombe, Bournemouth with her son Richard (33), who was a Prudential insurance agent. By 1911 Hubert was dead, and Kate and her daughter Sarah were still living with Richard, now at 71 Walpole Road, Boscombe. Kate Rouse died at Bournemouth on 6 January 1916 at the age of 79.
  • John Frederick Quarterman (born 1838) was aged 23 and working as a gardener in Kingston, Surrey at the time of the 1861 census. On 10 February 1868 at St John's Church, Isleworth, Middlesex he married Lucy Orchard. At the time of the 1871 census John (32) was still a gardener, living at Watercroft House, Chalfont St Peter, Buckinghamshire with his wife Lucy (36) and their eight-month-old son Frederick Charles Quarterman. In 1881 John described himself as a nurseryman & florist and was living at Belton Road, Epworth, Lincolnshire, and he and his wife had two more children, Lucy (6) and Harry (4). They were still in Epworth with their two younger children at the time of the 1891 census. Lucy is likely to have died soon after that census, because near the end of 1891 John married his second wife Ann Houchin. At the time of the 1901 census John (62) and his second wife Ann (63) were living at Epworth with John's son Frederick (30); the situation was the same in 1911. John died at Bulwell, Nottingham at the age of 90 on 28 April 1929.
  • Edward Gadney Quarterman (born 1841) is hard to find after the 1851 census. He worked in the British Merchant Navy, and had emigrated to New Zealand by 1872. He appears to have died at Wanganui, New Zealand on 24 November 1918.
  • Charles Thomas Quarterman (born 1843) was aged 17 and an apprentice to a baker in 1861, living at 28 Abington Street, Northampton. He married his first wife Sarah Abbis at Ampthill, Bedfordshire on 24 April 1866. At the time of the 1871 census Charles (27) was a baker, living at Dunstable Street, Ampthill with his wife Sarah (28), their son William (2), and their niece Elizabeth Hopkins (14). They were still there with their son in 1881. Charles's wife Sarah died at Ampthill at the age of 42 in 1885, and In 1888 he married his second wife Ann Stapleton. At the time of the 1891 census Charles (47) and Ann (50) were living at Arthur Street, Ampthill. and they were still there in 1911. Charles died in February 1911 and was buried at Ampthill on 25 February.



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