Henry LOCKWOOD (1801–1854)
His wife Mrs Johanna LOCKWOOD, née Manders (c.1810–1879)
Their daughter Miss Mary Ann LOCKWOOD (c.1835–1899)
Their son William Alexander LOCKWOOD (1841/2–1865)
St Mary Magdalen section: Row 12, Grave D61
IN LOVING MEMORY OF
DIED MARCH 23, 1854, aged 51
DIED AUGUST 23, 1879
SON OF THE THE ABOVE
WHO DIED JANUARY 20, 1865
DAUGHTER OF THE ABOVE
DIED MAY 29, 1899
Henry Lockwood was born in York in c.1801, and may be the Henry Lockwood, son of Robert and Ann Lockwood, who was born in York on 13 January 1801 and baptised at St Lawrence’s Church there on 2 February.
Henry Lockwood became a tailor. He married Johanna Manders (born in Dunkerton, Somerset in c.1810) around the early 1830s and they must have moved to Oxford, where they had the following children. (The mother of the first child is named as Anne in the register, but as the father, Henry Lockwood, is described as a tailor, it seems likely to be the same couple, unless he had an earlier wife):
- Henry Lockwood (born in Oxford at the very beginning of 1834 and baptised at St Cross Church on 9 January);
died aged two weeks and buried there on 15 January
- Mary Ann Lockwood (born in Oxford in 1835 and baptised at St Michael's Church on 29 July)
- Henry Valentine Lockwood (born at St John Street in 1837 and baptised at St Giles’s Church on 11 June)
- Amelia Lockwood (born at Observatory Street near the end of 1838 and baptised at St Paul’s Church on 30 June 1839)
- Maria Lockwood (born at Observatory Street in early 1840 and baptised at St Paul’s Church on 6 September);
died there aged 15 months and buried in St Giles’s churchyard on 11 June 1841
- William Alexander Lockwood (born at Observatory Street in 1841/2 and baptised at St Paul’s Church on 10 April 1842)
- Frederick Lockwood (born at 51 Broad Street in 1844/5 and baptised at St Mary Magdalen Church on 8 January 1845)
- Alfred Edwin Lockwood (born at 51 Broad Street in 1850 and baptised at St Mary Magdalen Church on 9 October).
It appears that Henry and Johanna were living in Holywell parish at the start of their marriage, and had moved to St Michael's parish by 1835. By 1837 they were living at St John Street, but by the following year had moved to Observatory Street.
At the time of the 1841 census Henry and Johanna were at home in Observatory Street with their four surviving children: Mary Ann (6), Henry (4), Amelia (2), and Maria (1). Baby Maria died just after the census: as St Sepulchre’s Cemetery was not yet open, she was buried in the overcrowded churchyard of St Giles.
By 1845 the family had moved to 51 Broad Street, next door to the White Horse. The family tailor’s business was to remain here for forty years until 1884.
Right: 51 and 50 Broad Street. Members of the Lockwood family business lived upstairs in the left-hand house of this semi-detached pair until 1884, when Blackwell’s (which had moved into No. 50 on the right on New Year’s Day 1879) expanded and took over the lease of their shop.
The 1851 census shows Henry Lockwood (49), described as a master tailor employing six men, living over his shop with his wife Johanna (40) and their children Mary Ann (15), Henry (14), Amelia (12), William (9), and Alfred (eight months), plus a servant. (Amelia is mistakenly recorded as Helen in the census.) Their missing son Frederick (6) spent census night in his mother’s home village of Dunkerton in Somerset with his aunt Mrs Leah Hancock (55) and Leah’s husband Richard, who was an agricultural labourer. Also living with his uncle and aunt was Frederick’s maternal grandfather Thomas Manders, a widower of 85.
Henry Lockwood died in 1854:
† Henry Lockwood died at 51 Broad Street at the age of 51 on 23 March 1854 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 28 March (burial recorded in the parish register of St Mary Magdalen Church).
His death notice in Jackson’s Oxford Journal read: “On Thursday last, after a short illness, Mr. Henry Lockwood of Broad-street, in this city, leaving a wife and large family to mourn his loss.” His will is deposited in the Oxfordshire History Centre (104.350).
After Henry Lockwood’s death, his widow is listed as the owner of the shop. At the time of the 1861 census Johanna (51), described as a tailor employing five men, was living at 51 Broad Street with three of her children: Amelia (22), Frederick (16), who was a tailor; and Alfred Edwin (10). Her son Henry Valentine Lockwood (24) is probably the Henry Lockwood who emigrated to the USA, arriving New York on 17 March 1857: he was dead by 1865. Her other two children (Mary Ann and William) are hard to find.
Her son William died in 1865:
† William Alexander Lockwood died at 51 Broad Street at the age of 23 on 20 January 1865 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 25 January (burial recorded in the parish register of St Mary Magdalen Church).
His death notice in Jackson’s Oxford Journal read: “Jan. 20, after a long illness, William Alexander, eldest surviving son of the late Mr. Henry Lockwood, 51, Broad-street, Oxford, aged 23.”
Her daughter Amelia was married six months later:
- On 17 July 1865 at St Mary Magdalen Church, Oxford, Amelia Lockwood married George Walter Webb, a gunmaker of All Saints parish, and their marriage was announced in Jackson’s Oxford Journal.
At the time of the 1871 census Johanna Lockwood (61), described as a tailor & robe maker, was living at 51 Broad Street with three of her children: Mary Ann (35); Frederick (26), who was a foreman; and Alfred (20), who was an assistant. They had one servant.
Her youngest son, who was still working as a tailor at 51 Broad Street, was married in London in 1877:
- On 2 April 1877 at St Mary’s Church in Hornsey, Alfred Edwin Lockwood married Sarah Elizabeth Friend, the second daughter of George Richard Friend of Hornsey, and the marriage was announced in Jackson’s Oxford Journal.
On 13 August 1877 her son Frederick Lockwood, who had been the foreman of the family business, was admitted to the Warneford Lunatic Asylum at the age of 32.
Mrs Lockwood died in 1879:
† Mrs Johanna Lockwood née Manders died at 51 Broad Street at the age of 69 on 23 August 1879 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 27 August (burial recorded in the parish register of St Mary Magdalen Church).
Her death notice in Jackson’s Oxford Journal read: “Aug. 23, at 51, Broad-street, Oxford, aged 69, Johanna, widow of Henry Lockwood.”
Of her four sons, two were dead, one had moved away, and one was in a lunatic asylum, so it was her eldest daughter Miss Mary Ann Lockwood who took over the family business.
At the time of the 1881 census Miss Mary Ann Lockwood (45) was described as a tailor and was living at 51 Broad Street with her brother Alfred’s son Henry Alfred Lockwood (2), plus an undergraduate boarder and a servant. Young Alfred’s parents were now in London, and appear to have left him behind permanently with his aunt.
Mary Ann Lockwood was still listed as the proprietor of her father’s old tailor’s shop in Kelly’s Directory for 1884, but by 1885 Blackwell’s took over her shop, and she moved to 53 Broad Street on the other side of the White Horse, which she ran as a lodging house (left).
Blackwell’s had taken took over this house as well by 1887, but initially appear to have used only the ground floor, while Mary Ann lived on the upper floors.
At the time of the 1891 census Mary Ann (55) was living at 53 Broad Street with her niece Miss Gertrude Webb (24), who worked as a governess, and again her nephew Henry Alfred Lockwood (12). She was described as a lodging-house keeper, and employed one servant and a house boy. The census was taken during the Easter vacation, so there were no student lodgers; hence there was plenty of room for her sister Amelia Webb who was paying a visit to her sister and daughter with her husband and three of her other children.
The Webbs appear to have moved in permanently, and Mrs Amelia Webb died here on 23 May 1899. Just six days later, her sister Mary Ann Lockwood herself also died here:
† Miss Mary Ann Lockwood died at 53 Broad Street at the age of 64 on 29 May 1899 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 31 May (burial recorded in the parish register of St Mary Magdalen Church).
Her effects came to £1,164 9s., and probate was granted to the Revd John William Faulkner and her niece Miss Gertrude Mary Webb.
Other surviving children of Henry and Johanna Lockwood
- Amelia Lockwood, Mrs Webb (born 1838): see separate grave (which is next to this one, and the gravestone matches exactly).
- Frederick Lockwood (born 1844/5 was in the Fairford Lunatic Asylum near Cirencester at the time of the 1881 census: he was only 37, but was described as a retired tailor. He was still at that asylum in 1901, when he was described on the census form as feeble-minded. He died there near the beginning of 1903.
- Alfred Edwin Lockwood (born 1850) and his wife Sarah initially remained in Oxford, where their son Henry Alfred Lockwood was born in 1878 (baptised at Holywell Church on 30 June). They then moved to London, and at the time of the 1881 census they were at Allcroft Road, St Pancras and Alfred was working as a tailor foreman. They emigrated to Australia, arriving at Melbourne on the Eusemere on 6 March 1886. The Henry Lockwood (born c.1878) who departed for Wellington, New Zealand on 1 November 1894 is likely to be his son Henry Alfred Lockwood whom he left behind with his sister Mary Ann.