William JACKSON (1812–1879)
His wife Mrs Sarah JACKSON, née Higgins (1814–1912)
St Paul’s section: Row 16, Grave A8 [St Paul ref. F13]

William Jackson


In loving Memory of


NOVEMBER 20th 1879







William Jackson was born in Holywell, Oxford in 1812 and baptised at St Cross Church on 21 April. He was the eldest son of the cooper William Jackson senior and his wife Mary, who had three other children baptised at that church: Robert (1813), Mary (1816), and Susannah (1820). William became a cooper like his father, and was admitted free on 26 July 1833 when he was aged 21.

Sarah Higgins was born in Ox Street, Oxford in 1814 and baptised at St Thomas’s Church on 19 April. She was the daughter of the labourer Edward Higgins and his wife Ann Drewitt, who were both living in St Giles’s parish when they were married on 26 December 1808 at St Giles’s Church. They had four other children baptised at St Thomas’s: Edward (1816), George (1821), John (1825), and Elizabeth (1826).

On 20 April 1834 at St Thomas’s Church, Oxford, William Jackson (22) married Sarah Higgins (20). They had the following children:

  • Mary Ann Jackson (born in Oxford in 1835 and baptised at St Thomas’s Church on 16 August)
  • Sarah Jackson (born in Oxford in 1837/8 and baptised at St Thomas’s Church on 7 January 1838)
  • William Jackson (born in Oxford in 1840 and baptised at St Thomas’s Church on 24 May);
    died in 1842 and buried there on 30 September
  • Elizabeth Jackson (born in Oxford in 1841 and baptised at St Thomas’s Church on 19 September)
  • Julia Jackson (born in Oxford in 1843, and baptised at St Thomas’s Church on 16 December)
  • Emma Jackson (born in Oxford in 1846 and baptised at St Thomas’s Church on 1 February);
    died aged seven months in 1846 and buried there on 13 August
  • Henry Jackson (born in Oxford in 1849 and baptised at St Thomas’s Church on 21 February);
    died aged nine months in 1849 and buried on 28 October)
  • Louisa Jackson (born in Oxford in 1850 and baptised at St Thomas’s Church on 8 December);
    died aged one and buried there on 4 December 1851
  • Edward Jackson (born in Oxford in 1852/3 and baptised at St Thomas’s Church on 9 January 1853);
    died aged two in 1854 and buried on 17 November
  • James Jackson (born in Oxford in 1856 and baptised at St Thomas’s Church on 13 July).

The couple settled in St Thomas’s parish, and at the time of the 1841 census they were living in St Thomas’s Street with their first two children Mary Ann (5) and Sarah (4).

William (38) and Sarah (37) were still there in 1851 with their children Sarah (13), Elizabeth (9), Julia (7), and Louisa (four months). They also had a lodger, and a 16-year-old servant boy who probably helped William Jackson in his trade as a cooper. Their eldest daughter Mary Ann (15) is hard to find, and was probably out in service.

Their youngest child James was born in St Thomas’s parish in mid-1856.

By mid-1859 the family had moved to 23 St Bernard’s Road (then called St John’s Road) in St Giles’s parish, where William continued his trade as a cooper. Their eldest daughter was married that year:

  • On 13 July 1859 at St Giles’s Church, Oxford, Mary Ann Jackson (24) married James Butler (23), a barman of Marylebone and the son of the coachman David Butler.

At the time of the 1861 census William and Sarah were at home at 23 St Bernard’s Road with just two of their four unmarried children, namely Julia (17), who was working as a servant, and James (4), who was already at school. Their second daughter Sarah (23) was a housemaid in a grand house in Ashtead, Surrey; and Elizabeth (19) was the housemaid of Mrs Kidd at 37 St Giles’s Street.

In 1863 St Bernard’s Road was taken into the new parish of Ss Philip & James.

Two more of their daughters were married in the 1860s, both to men who also lived in St Bernard’s Road:

  • On 27 June 1864 at Ss Philip & James’s Church, Oxford, Elizabeth Jackson married William Barratt, a blacksmith, the son of the blacksmith William Barratt senior;
  • On 27 July 1868 at Ss Philip & James’s Church, Oxford, Sarah Jackson married Henry Hill, a gardener, the son of the doctor James Hill.

William & Sarah Jackson were still at 23 St Bernard’s Road at the time of the 1871 census, and their daughter Mary Ann was living with them temporarily with her husband and two children; and they also had two boarders. Their unmarried daughter Julia (27) was cook to an elderly widow in Brighton. Their only surviving son James (14) was an apprentice draper, living over the shop at 143 High Street on the corner of Carfax in the household of his master, George Fisher: he was later to take over the business with the other apprentice living there, Frederick Wyatt, and the business was for many years known as Wyatt & Jackson.

Their daughter Julia was married soon after the census, the third sister to marry a man who lived near them in St Bernard’s Road:

  • On 28 May 1871 at Ss Philip & James’s Church, Julia Jackson married William Willis, a cordwainer, the son of another cordwainer George Willis.

Their eldest surviving son James was admitted free on 28 September 1877 when he was aged 21.

By 1879 the family had moved to 12 Adelaide Street in St Paul’s parish.

Their son James was married in 1879:

  • On 30 June 1879 at St Paul’s Church, Oxford, James Jackson (23), a draper still living at home, married
    Ellen Judge
     (23), the daughter of the carpenter John Johnson of 5 Cardigan Street.

William Jackson died in 1879:

† William Jackson died at 12 Adelaide Street at the age of 67 on 20 November 1879 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 23 November (burial recorded in the parish register of St Paul’s Church).

His death notice in Jackson’s Oxford Journal read simply: “Nov. 20, at 12, Adelaide-street, Oxford, Mr. William Jackson, cooper, aged 67.”

At the time of the 1881 census Mrs Sarah Jackson (66) was living at 7 Wytham Terrace, Kingston Road, Oxford with her son James Jackson (24), who was a drapery salesman, his wife Ellen, and their son Arthur (eleven months).

By 1891 Sarah (75) had moved with her son and his family to 114 Southmoor Road. James was now a master draper.

She was still at the same address with James and his family in 1901, and when they moved to London, she went too, and can be seen living with them at the age of 96 in the 1911 census. She died at her son’s address in London the following year:

† Mrs Sarah Jackson died at 19 Hawke Road, Upper Norwood, London at the age of 98 on 2 September 1912 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 6 September (burial recorded in the parish register of St Paul’s Church).

Her body was brought back to Oxford for burial with her husband.

Surviving children of William and Sarah Jackson
  • Mary Ann Jackson, Mrs Butler (born 1835) and her coachman husband George appear to have begun their married life in Oxford, and their son George William Butler was born there in 1865. By the time their daughter Sarah Butler was born two years later they were living in London. At the time of the 1871 census they were back in Oxford, staying with Mary Ann’s parents at 23 St Bernard’s Road. They were in London in mid-1873, when their daughter Isabella Ann Butler was born in Paddington. In 1881 Mary Ann (45) and James (46), who was still a coachman, were living in St Pancras (in part of 70 George Street) with their children George William Butler (16) and Isabella (8). The family is hard to find after that date.
  • Sarah Jackson, Mrs Hill (born 1837/8) was living at Linton’s Lane, Epsom in 1871 with her husband Henry, who was a jobbing gardener, and their first son Henry Hill (1). The situation was the same in 1881, except that they had five more children: Mary (9), James (7), George (5), William (3), and Edward (six months). The family is hard to find after that date.
  • Elizabeth Jackson, Mrs Barratt (born 1841) and her husband William Barratt are hard to trace after their marriage in 1864.
  • Julia Jackson, Mrs Willis (born 1843) was living at 57 Hurst Street in east Oxford in 1881 with her husband William (45), who was still working as a bootmaker, and their servant. They are hard to find after that date.
  • James Jackson (born 1856) had moved his draper’s business to London by 1911, and he and his wife Ellen were living at 19 Hawke Road, Upper Norwood with their four children, who were all involved in their father’s business: Arthur William Jackson (30) and Harold Victor (17) were both drapers, and Ada Sarah Jackson (28) and Daisy Hawthorn Jackson (26) were both assisting in the business.



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