Thomas HEMMINS (c.1822–1890)
His wife Mrs Sarah Emma HEMMINS, née Allnutt (1824–1884)
Their son Charles Allnutt HEMMINS (1861–1882)
St Paul section: Row 42, Grave H23 [St Paul ref. B38]

Hemmins grave



Loving Memory of



Also of
DECEMBER 13, 1884


[the rest is obscured, but must say
died January 1890 aged 67]



Thomas Hemmins was born in Woodstock, Oxfordshire in c.1822 but he was not baptised there. He may be the John Hemmins, son of William Hemmins and his wife Mary Anne, who was baptised at St Clement's Church in Oxford on 26 October 1823. In 1841 when he was aged about 18 he was an apprentice hairdresser in St Clement's, living with the hairdresser Mark Colwell and his family.

Sarah Emma Allnutt was born in North Stoke, Oxfordshire in 1824 and baptised there on 29 August, the daughter of the Ipsden farm labourer John Allnutt and Elizabeth Auger, who were married at Crowmarsh Gifford on 13 August 1802. She had eight older siblings, the first six of whom were baptised at Ipsden: John Allnutt (1803), Richard Allnutt (1804), Anna Maria Allnutt (1806), William Allnutt (1808), Charlotte Martha Allnutt (1811), and Mary Keziah Allnutt (1813). Her brother Moses Thomas Allnutt was born at Mongewell in 1817, and her sister Sophia at North Stoke in 1820. The family is hard to find in the 1841 census.
See also the separate graves of her brother Moses Thomas Allnutt and her sister Sophia Allnutt, Mrs Howell.

In the second quarter of 1848 in the Highworth district of Wiltshire (probably at Swindon), Thomas Hemmins married Sarah Emma Allnutt. They had the following children:

  • Sophia Ann Hemmins (born in Swindon in 1848, reg. fourth quarter)
  • Emily Jane Hemmins (born in Oxford in 1849, reg. Headington district fourth quarter)
  • William Hemmins (born in Eton in 1851, reg. second quarter)
  • John Allnutt Hemmins (born in Eton in 1853, reg. second quarter; died there soon after birth)
  • Elizabeth Hemmins (born in Benson, Oxfordshire c.1854, no birth registration or baptism found)
  • Henry Hemmins, known as Harry (born in Eton in 1856/7, reg. there first quarter of 1857)
  • Frederick Hemmins (born in St Giles's Street, Oxford in 1858/9 and baptised at St Mary Magdalen Church on 30 January 1859
  • Charles Allnutt Hemmins (born in St Giles's Road, Oxford in 1861 and baptised at St Giles's Church on 7 July)
  • Mary Ann Hemmins (born in Observatory Street, Oxford in 1863 and baptised at St Paul's Church on 28 June)
  • Edith Gertrude Hemmins (born in Observatory Street, Oxford in 1866 and baptised at Ss Philip & James's Church on 3 March)
  • Tom Allnutt Hemmins (born at Ship Street, Oxford in 1869 and baptised at St Michael's Church on 16 May).

The couple appear to have begun their married life in Swindon, then moved briefly to Oxford, and were in Eton in Buckinghamshire by 1880.

At the time of the 1851 census Thomas Hemmins (28) was a hairdresser, living in the High Street, Eton with his wife Sarah Emma (26) and their daughter Emily (1). Their older daughter Sophia (2) is hard to find.

At some point between 1857 and 1859 the family moved back to Oxford, and at first lived at the south end of St Giles's Street, which was in St Mary Magdalen parish.

By the time of the 1861 census Thomas (39), who was still a hairdresser, was living in St Giles's Road (the name then given to the south end of both the Woodstock and the Banbury Roads) in St Giles's parish with his wife Sarah (37) and their children Sophia (12), Emily (10), William (9), Elizabeth (7), Henry (4), and Frederick (2).

By 1863 they were living in Observatory Street, and Thomas was still working as a hairdresser.

By the time of his son Tom's baptism in May 1869, Thomas Hemmins was working as a news vendor and living in Ship Street, Oxford, which was in St Michael's parish.

Two of their daughters were married before the next census:

  • On 17 June 1869 at St Aldate's Church, Oxford, Sophia Ann Hemmins (20), described as a college servant of St Michael's parish, married the schoolmaster Edward Frogley Greenwood of St Aldate's parish.
  • On 13 March 1871 at Holy Trinity Church, Oxford, Emily Jane Hemmins (21) of Blackfriars Street, St Ebbe's married the college servant Thomas Joy (21) of 3 Union Street, St Ebbe's, the son of the college servant Daniel Joy.

Their daughter Sophia  Ann Greenwood (21) died at St Aldate's the year after her wedding and was buried on 1 September 1870 (probably in Osney Cemetery).

At the time of the 1871 census Thomas (49) was working as a college servant and was living at 21 Ship Street with his wife Sarah (47) and eight of their children, namely William (20), who was a college servant like his father, Elizabeth (16), Henry (14), Frederick (12), Charles (10), Mary Ann (7), Edith (5), and Tom (2).

Two of their sons were married in the late 1870s:

  • On 26 December 1878 at St Clement's Church, Oxford, Henry Hemmins (22), described as a photographer of St Paul's parish, married Sarah Ann Phipps (19) of St Clement's, the daughter of the printer Thomas Phipps.
  • In the second quarter of 1879 in the Abingdon registration district, William Hemmins married Martha Ann Kirkpatrick, who was born in Eastchurch, London.

In 1881 Thomas (58) was still working as a college servant but was now living at 94 Walton Street in St Paul's district chapelry with his wife Sarah (56) and six of their children: Frederick (22) was a college bedmaker; Charles (20) had no occupation and was probably already suffering from his final illness; Mary Ann (18) was a dressmaker; and Edith (15) and Tom (12) were at school. Also living with them was Theresa Hemmins (22) born Cowley, of no occupation: she had been a boarder at the Woodstock Road convent in 1871, and was probably Thomas's niece: Frederick was to marry her three years later.

Their son Charles died in 1882:

† Charles Allnutt Hemmins died at 94 Walton Street at the age of 18 on 18 April 1882 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 21 April (burial recorded in the parish register of St Paul's Church).

His death notice in Jackson's Oxford Journal read: “April 18, at 94, Walton-street, Oxford, after a long illness, Charles, son of Mr. Thomas Hemmins, aged 21.”

Their son Frederick was married in 1884:

  • On 11 August 1884 at St Clement's Church, Oxford, Frederick Hemmins (25), described as being a servant of St Ebbe's parish, married Theresa Hemmins (24), the daughter of the saddler John Hemmins, who had been living with his family in 1881.

Mrs Sarah Hemmins died at Walton Street in 1884:

† Mrs Sarah Emma Hemmins née Allnutt died at Walton Street at the age of 61 on 13 December 1884 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 15 December (burial recorded in the parish register of St Paul's Church).

Thomas & Sarah Emma Hemmins's daughter Mary Ann was married in 1888 from a different address in Walton Street:

  • On 22 December 1888 at St Paul's Church, Oxford, Mary Ann Hemmins (25) of 69 Walton Street married the compositor William Henry Harris (26) of Clarendon Buildings, the son of the gasfitter William Harris.

Thomas Hemmins was living at 5 Clarendon Buildings when he died in 1890:

† Thomas Hemmins died at 5 Clarendon Buildings at the age of 67 in January 1890 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 25 January (burial recorded in the parish register of St Barnabas's Church).

Surviving children of Thomas and Sarah Emma Hemmins
  • Emily Jane Hemmins, Mrs Joy (born 1849) and her new husband Thomas Joy were boarding with the Roby family at 67 Blackfriars Road, St Ebbe's in 1871. In 1881 Emily (30) was working as a photographer's assistant and living at Marlborough Road in south Oxford with her husband Thomas, who was a college messenger, and their children Thomas (10), Alfred George (8), Gertrude (6), Ethel (4), and Frederick William (1). By 1891 Emily was living at Boulter Street in St Clement's with her husband, who was now a domestic servant, and she had two more children: Charles (7) and Bessie (4). By 1901 Emily (50) was widowed and living in St Clement's at 16 Pembroke Street (now renamed Rectory Road) and had another child: Edith (8).By 1911 Emily was a university lodging house keeper at 90 Southmoor Road. She died in Swindon at the age of 67 near the beginning of 1918.
  • William Hemmins (born 1851) was a college bedmaker in 1881, living over the shop at 50 Cornmarket Street with his wife Martha and their daughter Julia Kirkpatrick Hemmins (six months). William still described himself as a college servant in 1891, but was now living at Swaffam Prior in Cambridgeshire with Martha and their children Julia (10), Charles (9), Percival (7), John (6), Harry (5), Frederick (3), and Thomas (1). William died in Cambridge later that year at the age of 40.
  • Elizabeth Hemmins (born 1852) is hard to find after 1871.
  • Henry Hemmins (born 1856/7) was a photographer in 1881, living at 15 Bullingdon Road in east Oxford with his wife Sarah, their son Francis Henry (1), and a lodger. By 1891 they had moved to 16 Victoria Street Swindon and there were three more children: Reginald (9), Bernard (7), and Madeline (2). In 1911 Henry (56) was still working as a photographer and living at 96 Victoria Street, Swindon with Sarah (53) and five of their children: Royston (27), who was a fitter's labourer at a carriage works, and Dorothy (21), Gladys (16), Guy (14), and Muriel (7). His wife died at that address on 31 March 1924, and Henry died in Harrow at the age of 84 in 1941.
  • Frederick Hemmins (born 1858/9) was working as a college servant and living at 2 Cowley Place in 1891 with his wife Theresa and their children Frederick (5), Theresa (4), and Charles John (eleven months), and his brother Tom was lodging with them. Frederick was still a college servant in 1901, but was now living at 7 Paradise Square with Theresa: their eldest son Frederick (15) was working as a page, and they had four more children: Annie Kate (7), Henry (6), Winifred Beatrice (3), and Grayson Thomas (five months). By 1911 they had moved to 61 St John Street, and had one more child, Olive Emily (7). Frederick's wife T[h]eresa died at the age of 67 in 1926. In the second quarter of 1928 in Oxford, Frederick married his second wife Harriet Amelia Davies. Frederick died at 9 Chiltern View, Tetsworth, Oxfordshire at the age of 83 on 7 August 1942. His effects came to £94, and his executor was his wife Harriet.
  • Mary Ann Hemmins, Mrs Harris (born 1863) was living at 6 Howard Street in east Oxford in 1891 with her husband William, who was a printer & compositor, and their daughter Mabel Hilda J. Harris (seven months). Mary Ann Harris died at the age of 35 in 1899, and in 1901 her husband and daughter were boarding with a family in Charles Street.
  • Edith Gertrude Hemmins (born 1865/6) never married. At the time of the 1891 census she was a housemaid in Jersey, Channel Islands, By 1901 Edith (34) was living in Swindon with her younger brother Tom and his family. She is hard to find in 1911, but died in Oxford at the age of 69 near the beginning of 1936.
  • Tom Allnutt Hemmins (born 1869) was a 21-year-old photographer in 1891, lodging at 2 Cowley Place with his married brother Frederick. On 23 August 1892 at St Ebbe's Church, Oxford Tom (22) married Bessie Abel (20), the daughter of the hairdresser William Abel: both were then living at 6 Bridport Street. In 1901 Tom was working as a GWR labourer in Swindon in 1901, living at 81 Cricklade Road there with his wife Bessie and their children Ruby (7) and Roy (5), and his unmarried sister Edith. In 1911 they were living at 76 Omdurman Street in Swindon: Tom was now a GWR watchman; his daughter Ruby (17) was a tailor's finisher; and his son Roy (15) was a GWR machine boy. He died in Swindon at the age of 87 near the beginning of 1957 (with surname registered as Hemmings).



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