Edward HAYNES (1821–1871)
His wife Mrs Mary Ann HAYNES, née Goodden (1823–1862)
St Mary Magdalen section, Row 18, Grave D61½
I H S
TO THE MEMORY OF
WHO DIED [20 FEBRUARY 1871]
[AGED 49 YEARS]
[WIFE OF THE ABOVE]
[WHO DIED … NOVEMBER 1862]
This headstone must have been installed after the death of Edward in 1871, as his name appears first, even though his wife died nine years earlier
Edward Haynes was born in Oxford in 1821 and baptised at St Peter-le-Bailey Church on 29 April. He was the son of William Haynes, a miller, and his wife Elizabeth Richards, who were married at that church on 2 April 1820. His parents had three other children baptised there: an earlier Edward who only lived three months (born and died 1820); William (1824); and Elizabeth (1825). His younger brother William died at Paradise Street at the age of 15 in 1839 and was buried in St Peter-le-Bailey churchyard on 28 June; and his father William died at Paradise Street at the age of 56 in 1840, and was buried in that churchyard on 6 July. At the time of the 1841 census Edward (20) was an apprentice painter, living at Paradise Street with his mother Elizabeth, who was a schoolmistress, and his sister Elizabeth (15).
Mary Ann or Marianne Goodden or Gooden was born in Oxford in 1823 and baptised at St Ebbe's Church on 6 April. She was the daughter of the bookseller Charles Goodden of St Thomas's parish and Sophia Ricketts, who were married at St Mary Magdalen Church on 5 June 1815. Her parents had nine other children baptised at St Ebbe's Church: Emma Sophia Goodden (1825), Letitia Goodden (1828), Hellen Goodden (1829), Charles Goodden (1830), Sarah Goodden (1832), Louisa Goodden (1835), Susan Goodden (born 1839 but not baptised until 1845). Pigot's Directory for 1830 lists Mary Ann's father's bookshop as being in Pembroke Street, and that was given as their address in 1835. At the time of the 1841 census Mary Ann (18) was living over the shop at 23 Pembroke Street with her parents and eight siblings.
In the third quarter of 1842 in the Woodstock registration district, Edward Haynes, who was a painter & decorator, married Mary Ann Goodden: they were both resident in Wolvercote when their banns were called there in September. They had the following children:
- William Haynes (born at Pembroke Street, Oxford in 1844 and baptised at St Ebbe's Church on 10 July);
died aged seven in 1851 and buried in Osney Cemetery
- Edward Goodden Haynes (born at 30 Pembroke Street, Oxford in 1846 and baptised at St Ebbe's Church on 24 May)
- Charles Moore Haynes (born in Oxford, probably at 30 Pembroke Street, in 1847/8, reg. first quarter 1848, and baptised as an “adult” (aged 19) at Ss Philip & James's Church on 21 December 1866)
- Henry James Haynes (born in Oxford on 15 April 1849 but not baptised until 24 August 1867)
- Robert Thomas Haynes (born in Oxford, probably at St Aldate's Street, on 26 May 1851, registered as Thomas Robert Haynes, but not baptised (as Robert Thomas Haynes) until 24 August 1867)
- William Edward Haynes (born in Oxford on 26 January 1853 but not baptised until 25 August 1867)
- John Haynes (born in Oxford, probably at St Aldate's Street, on 11 November 1854 but not baptised until 25 August 1867)
- George Frederick Haynes, known as Frederick (born in Oxford on 1 February 1857 but not baptised until 25 August 1867)
- Mary Ann Jane Haynes (born in Oxford in late 1862).
(The five children aged between 10 and 18 who were baptised late over two days in August 1867 were taken for the ceremony to St George the Martyr, the chapel of ease for St Mary Magdalen Church.)
Edward and Mary Ann Haynes evidently lived at Pembroke Street at the start of their marriage, and Hunt's Oxford Directory confirms that in 1846 they lived at No. 30, seven doors along from Mary Ann's family.
By 1851 they had moved to St Aldate's Street, and in the census Edward (29), described as “a painter &c.” was there with his wife Mary Ann (28) and their first four children William (6), Edward junior (4), Charles (3), and Henry (1), plus an 18-year-old servant girl.
Their eldest son William died later that year at the age of seven. His funeral was held at St Aldate's Church on 21 August, and the register states that he was buried in St Mary's Cemetery, Osney.
At the time of the 1861 census Edward (39), described as a painter, glazier, & paper-hanger, was living at 18 St Aldate's Street with his wife Mary Anne (38) and their seven surviving children Edward (16), Charles (13), Henry (12), Robert (9), William (7), John (6), and Frederick (4), plus an 18-year-old servant girl. Their youngest child Mary Ann was born the following year.
By 1862 the family had moved to 50 Broad Street in St Mary Magdalen parish. This is the second from the left of the four houses now occupied by Blackwell's Bookshop (right), and is still intact: its two neighbours to the right were damaged when the New Bodleian Library was built in the 1930s, and had to be demolished, and were built in the same style as Edward Haynes's shop next door.
Edward Haynes is listed in directories as a painter & decorator at 50 Broad Street from 1866 to 1876, but as he died in 1871 his son Henry must have run the business there in the last five years.
Mrs Haynes died at 50 Broad Street near the end of 1862, very soon after the birth of her youngest child Mary Ann:
† Mrs Mary Ann Haynes née Goodden died at 50 Broad Street at the age of 39 in November 1862 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 12 November (burial recorded in the parish register of St Mary Magdalen Church).
On 7 September 1864 in Iffley, her husband Edward Haynes (43) married his second wife, Harriett Absalom (21) of Cowley, who was born in Hinton Waldrist, Berkshire at the end of 1843, the daughter of the carter William Absalom. They had one child:
- Frank Ernest Haynes (born at 50 Broad Street in 1871 and baptised at St Mary Magdalen Church on 14 February).
His eldest surviving son by his first marriage, Edward Goodden Haynes, was married in 1869:
- In the fourth quarter of 1869 in Reading, Edward Goodden Haynes married Martha Phipps (born in Oxford in 1844).
Edward Haynes senior died in 1871, just six days after his son Frank by his second wife was baptised:
† Edward Haynes died at 50 Broad Street at the age of 49 on 20 February 1871 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 24 February (burial recorded in the parish register of St Mary Magdalen Church).
His death notice in Jackson's Oxford Journal read: Feb. 20, at 50, Broad-street, Mr. Edward Haynes, deeply regretted by his family and a large circle of friends.”
His effects came to under £1,000, and his executors were his second wife Harriett, his son Henry Haynes of 50 Broad Street, and the accountant Edward Sylvester.
Edward & Mary Ann's fourth son Henry James Haynes (21) immediately took over the business, and at the time of the 1871 census, which was taken six weeks after his father's death, he was described as a painter employing five men and one boy. He was now the head of the household at 50 Broad Street, and living with him were his stepmother Harriet (27) and her baby son Frank (three months), and four of Henry's full siblings: William (18), who was a cook; John (16), who was a watch maker; Frederick (15), who was a painter; and Mary Ann (8). One of the other two unmarried brothers, Charles (23) was living at Crown Yard Cottage in New Inn Hall Street, and described himself as an “imitator of woods and marbles”; but Thomas/Robert (19) is hard to find.
Two of Edward and Mary Ann Haynes's sons were married shortly after their father's death:
- On 13 April 1871 at St Ebbe's Church, Oxford, Charles Moore Haynes, described as a house decorator of New Inn Hall Street, married the milliner Matilda Kirtland Stroud of Cambridge Street, St Ebbe's, the daughter of the contractor James Stroud;
- On 8 June 1871 at St James's Church, Cowley, William Edward Haynes (21), described as a cook of 50 Broad Street, married Amelia Maude Costor (21) of Fir Tree Cottage, Bullingdon Road, east Oxford, born in Birmingham in c.1850 and the daughter of Henry Costor, who was unemployed.
Their son Henry, who in 1871 had been looking after his younger siblings and his young stepmother, was married in 1873:
- In the third quarter of 1873 in the Abingdon registration district, Henry Haynes (24) married Malvina Shaylor (19), who was born in Ramsden in 1854, the daughter of the plasterer Reuben and Sarah Shayler.
The household then broke up. Edward's second wife Harriet Haynes is hard to find in 1881 and 1891 and may have had to go into service, as in 1881 their only son Frank (10), was living with his uncle and aunt in Marston Street, east Oxford. In 1911 Harriet (56) was living at 168 Howard Street, east Oxford with her son Frank (30), who was a draper's porter. She is hard to find after that date.
Children of Edward & Mary Ann Haynes
- Edward Goodden Haynes (born 1846): see the grave of his wife Martha, who is buried with her parents, Stephen & Mary Phipps.
- Charles Moore Haynes (born 1847/8): see his separate grave, which adjoins this plot.
- Henry James Haynes (born 1849) was working as a house painter in 1881 and living at the White Horse Inn in Cardigan Street, Jericho with his wife Malvina (26) and their only child Charles Henry Haynes (2). In 1891 Henry (38), who was still a painter, was living in London at 252 Katharine Buildings, Cartrwright Street, Whitechapel with Malvina (37) and Charles (11). Henry and Malvina are hard to trace after that date.
- Robert Thomas Haynes (born 1851) is hard to trace after 1861, when he was aged nine and living with his parents.
- William Edward Haynes (born 1853) was a college cook in 1881, living at 25 Bullingdon Road with his wife Amelia and their children Amelia (8), William (6), Ethel (4), Emily Gertrude (2), and Ernest (three months), plus a 17-year-old servant girl. In 1891 William (40) was a hotel chef, living at 29 Walton Crescent with his wife Amelia (38) and six of their children: William Edward junior (16), who was a cook, Ethel (14), Emily Gertrude (12), Percy (10), Violet (8), and Joseph (6), plus his mother-in-law and a servant. They are hard to find after that date.
- John Haynes (born 1854) is hard to trace after 1871 when he was aged 16 and living with his brother. He is not the Oxford-born John Hayes, a coachman who married Mary Ann Palmer in 1876, as his father was called Thomas.
- George Frederick Haynes known as Frederick (born 1857), who was a house painter like his father, was boarding at 20 George Street in 1881. In 1891 he was boarding at 26 Albert Street in Jericho. On 4 August 1895 at Cowley St John Church, George (39) with his name recorded as Frederick George Haynes, married Edith Kate Higgs (26), the daughter of the cattle dealer Albert Higgs: both were then living at 10 Cross Street. At the time of the 1901 census George (44) and Edith (37) were living at 10 Cross Street in east Oxford with their son Ernest (ten months). ??1911
- Mary Ann Jane Haynes (born 1862) was an 19-year-old dressmaker in 1881, living at 14 London Place, St Clement's with her father's sister Mrs Elizabeth Davis (50) and her uncle John Davis (72). In 1891 Mary Ann (28) was a lady's maid, living at Meyrick House, 95 Hill Top, West Bromwich, Staffordshire. Mary Ann is hard to find after that date.
The son of Edward Haynes by his second wife
- Frank Ernest Haynes (born 1871) was aged 10 in 1881 and living at the Swan pub at 32 Marston Street in east Oxford with his mother's sister Mrs Jane Hinton, née Absalom and her husband. In 1891 Frank (20) was a draper's porter: he was still living with the Hintons, whose home was now at 25 Marston Street. On 22 December 1907 at Cowley St John Church, Frank Ernest Haynes (37) of 168 Howard Street married Mary Jane Pollicott (39) of Sandford-on-Thames, the daughter of the labourer Frederick Pollicott. They do not appear to have had any children. At the time of the 1911 census Frank (40), who was still a draper's porter, and Mary (42) were living at 168 Howard Street. Frank was still at that address when he died at the Cowley Road Hospital at the age of 81 on 27 January 1952. His effects came to £328 4s. 10d.