John HAINES junior (1821/2–1881)
His wife Mrs Ellen HAINES, née Pillinger (1825–1863)
Their sons John George HAINES (1854–1863),
Frederick Cooper HAINES (1857–1870),
and William Henry HAINES (1855–1901)
St Mary Magdalen section: Row 6a, Grave D62

John Haines junio












DIED JUNE 11TH, 1881



John Haines (junior) was born in Oxford on 4 September 1821, the son of the bookseller John Haines senior (born in Witney in 1795/6) and his wife Susannah Harris (born in Elsfield in 1796/7).

For more about his parents and siblings, see separate grave.

At the time of the 1851 census John (29) was still living at home with his parents at 12 Turl Street, and was an assistant to his father, who was a bookseller and the Keeper of the Radcliffe Library.

Bedel with stave

John Haines was appointed the Yeoman Bedel of Jurisprudence at the University, and was matriculated as a privileged person on 23 April 1851.

The University of Oxford then had four Yeomen Bedels (compared to six today): they were in order of importance Divinity, Law, Medicine, and Arts, and their tasks included acting as attendants to the Vice-Chancellor, and opening Convocation meetings with the words “Intretis in Convocationem, Magistri, intretis.” There were also three Esquire Bedels until the office was abolished in 1856 (although George Valentine Cox, Esquire Bedel in Medicine & Arts, was allowed to continue in the position until he retired in 1866, and his successor William Waters Harrison remained Esquire Bedel in Law until the 1880s). Cox wrote in 1868, “Of the Yeomen Bedels, in my long experience, I have little to say; they have been truly respectable men, though none of them more so than the present trio, Messrs. Pillinger, Harper, and Haines.”

Right: One of the four University Bedels in attendance on the Vice-Chancellor at the St Giles’s Remembrance Service in 2006, showing the type of stave Haines would have carried. Unlike the city’s great mace, which is much heavier and borne on the shoulder, it is is carried in the crook of the arm.

Ellen Pillinger was born in Reading on 5 November 1825, the daughter of Robert Pillinger, and her father’s occupation was given as Keeper of the Baths at the time of her wedding. Her mother probably died when she was young, and although her father (who was Keeper of the Baths in Reading) lived to the age of 70 (dying in Reading in 1873), she appears to have been brought up by her childless uncle John Pillinger, who was a university bedel, and his wife Martha (see their separate grave). At the time of the 1841 census when she was aged 15, she was living with the Pillingers at Broad Street, Oxford, and was described as their servant. She was still with them at their next home at 2 Parks Road in 1851.

On 22 April 1852 at St Mary Magdalen Church in Oxford, John Haines (30) married Ellen Pillinger (30), and her uncle and aunt were witnesses. (John as a yeoman bedel would have been a work colleague of her uncle.) They had the following children:

  • John George Haines (born in Reading on 21 March 1854 and baptised at St Mary Magdalen Church, Oxford on 29 March)
  • William Henry Haines (born in Reading in 1855 and baptised at St Mary Magdalen Church, Oxford on 19 September)
  • Frederick Cooper Haines (born in Reading on 22 August 1857 and baptised at St Mary Magdalen Church, Oxford on 9 September)
  • Ellen Pillinger Haines (born in Reading in 1860 and baptised at St Mary Magdalen Church, Oxford on 21 June).

Their address at each baptism is given as St John Street, Oxford; but it appears that Ellen returned her family in Reading to give birth to each of her four children.

By the time of the 1861 census John was an assistant librarian as well as a university bedel and was living at St John Street with Ellen and their children John (7), William (5), Frederick (3), and Ellen (ten months). They employed a 15-year-old servant girl.

Their young son John died two years later:

† John George Haines died at St John Street at the age of eight on 12 January 1863 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 17 January (burial recorded in the parish register of St Mary Magdalen Church).

A short death notice was inserted in Jackson’s Oxford Journal on 17 January 1863: “Jan. 12, after a short illness, in the 9th year of his age, John George, eldest son of Mr. John Haines, of Saint John-street, in this city.”

Mrs Haines died later the same year, leaving her husband with three children aged between three and eight:

† Mrs Ellen Haines, née Pillinger died at St John Street at the age of 38 on 15 November 1863 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 20 November (burial recorded in the parish register of St Mary Magdalen Church).

At the end of the following year banns were called at St Mary Magdalen Church for John Haines and Mrs Sarah Blake, née Coles, a librarian who lived in Walton Street, and she became his second wife at St Paul’s Church on 3 January 1865.

John Haines’s son Frederick died in St John’s Villas, Park Place in 1870:

† Frederick Cooper Haines died at Park Place at the age of 13 on 12 November 1870 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 17 November (burial recorded in the parish register of St Mary Magdalen Church).

The following death notice was published in Jackson’s Oxford Journal on 19 November 1870: “Nov. 12, at St. John’s Villas, the Parks, Frederick Cooper Haines, youngest son of Mr. John Haines, aged 13 years.”

Park Place was at the south end of the Banbury Road, running north from opposite St Giles's Church (map).

At the time of the 1871 census John Haines was living at 1 St John’s Villas with his second wife Sarah and his two surviving children William (15) and Ellen (10), plus a servant. When he acted as executor to his brother John in 1872, his address was given as 1 Blackhall Road and he was described as Sub-Librarian of the Radcliffe Library.

By the time of the 1881 census John (59) was described as a retired librarian and was living at 3 St John Street with his wife Sarah (62), their son William was working a (25), who was a banker’s clerk, and their daughter Ellen (20). They now employed two servants (a cook and a housemaid). Horace Evelyn Clayton, the Chaplain of New College and Magdalen College, was lodging with them.

John Haines died later in 1881:

† John Haines (junior) died at St John Street at the age of 59 on 11 June 1881 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 14 June (burial recorded in the parish register of St Mary Magdalen Church).

A short death notice appeared in Jackson’s Oxford Journal on 18 June 1881: “June 11, Mr. John Haines, of 3, St John-street, Oxford, in his 60th year.” His personal estate came to £977 6s. 9d.

Neither of John and Ellen Haines’s two surviving children got married. At the time of the 1891 census William Henry Haines (35), who was still a banker’s clerk, was living at 46 Walton Street with his stepmother Mrs Sarah Haines (73) and her sister Miss Susannah Octavia Coles. Meanwhile his sister Ellen Pillinger Haines (30) was living at 18 Banbury Road with her father’s unmarried sisters.

William Henry Haines, the last surviving son, died in 1901 and was buried with his parents and brother:

† William Henry Haines died in the Radcliffe Infirmary at the age of 45 in May 1901 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 14 May (burial recorded in the parish register of St Mary Magdalen Church).

Ellen Pillinger Haines, the only surviving child of John and Ellen Haines, never married, so there were no descendants from this branch of the family. She lived with her aunts until they died: see separate grave.



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