John CHARLTON (1817–1861)
His wife Mrs Eliza CHARLTON, née Bourton (1819–1889)
Their sons Christopher Samuel CHARLTON (1847–1862) and Jack CHARLTON (1853–1865);
and three children who died in infancy: Thomas Charlton (d. 1850);
Ann Charlton (d.1852);
and Ann Eliza Norgrove Charlton (d.1855)
St Michael section: Row 8, Grave C51
IN MEMORY OF
WHO DIED 24 MARCH 1861
WHO DIED 31 MARCH 1862
WHO DIED IN INFANCY.
DIED APRIL 30, 1865
Mrs Charlton is not mentioned on the grave marker, but it is probable that she too is buried here, rather than in a separate grave in St Sepulchre’s. She was the last of the family to die (34 years later) and her name may not have been added
John Charlton was born in Oxford in 1817 and baptised as Jack Charlton at St Martin’s Church at Carfax on 19 March. He was the son of the coachmaster Henry Charlton of Holborn, Middlesex and Catherine Norgrove, who were married at St Martin’s in Oxford on 12 February 1801. His six elder siblings were also baptised at St Martin’s: Henry John (1802), George Walter (1810), Samuel Elias (1811), Augustus (1813), David William (1814), and Catherine Louisa (1815). The family then moved to St Michael’s parish, and John’s youngest brothers were baptised at that church: Josiah William (1818) and Samuel Elias (1820).
Eliza Bourton was born at Paradise Street in Oxford on 6 June 1819 and baptised at St Thomas’s Church on 4 July. She was the daughter of the brewer Thomas Bourton and Mary Holyfield, who were married at that church on 20 April 1800. Two of her older siblings were also baptised there: William Holyfield Bourton in 1813, and Mary Ann in 1816. At the time of the 1841 census when she was 21, Eliza was a dressmaker, living at Paradise Street with her widowed mother Mary Bourton, who was working as a servant, and her older siblings James, who was a painter, and Mary, who was also a dressmaker.
John Charlton (with his name again recorded as Jack) married Eliza Bourton in the Woodstock district in 1841 (reg. third quarter), and they had the following children:
- Catherine Charlton (born in Oxford in 1842 and baptised at St Michael’s Church on 12 June)
- Emily Charlton (born in Oxford in 1844 and baptised at St Michael’s Church on 3 March)
- Henry John Norgrove Charlton (born in Oxford in 1845 and baptised at St Michael’s Church on 2 March)
- Christopher Samuel Norgrove Charlton (born in Oxford in 1847 and baptised at St Michael’s Church on 21 March);
died aged 15
- Fanny Charlton (born in Oxford in 1848 and baptised at St Michael’s Church on 12 November)
- Thomas Charlton (born in Oxford in 1850 and baptised at St Michael's Church on 21 September);
died the same year
- Ann Charlton (born in Oxford in 1851 and baptised at St Michael's Church on 5 October);
died in 1852
- Jack Charlton (born at the Bell Yard, Cornmarket, Oxford in 1853 and baptised at St Michael's Church on 24 April);
died aged 12
- Ann Eliza Norgrove Charlton (born at Cornmarket in 1855 and baptised at St Michael's Church on 5 October);
died the same year
- Josiah William Charlton (born in Ward’s Row, Oxford in 1857 and baptised at St Ebbe’s Church on 27 December).
The couple lived in St Michael's parish at the start of their marriage, and John was described as a porter.
Their baby son Thomas Charlton died in St Michael’s parish and was buried in St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 26 October 1850. He and his two younger siblings who later also died in infancy were probably buried in this grave, as it must have been in use before 1861, otherwise the family would no longer have been entitled to burials here.
At the time of the 1851 census John Charlton (34), described as a tailor, was living at a cottage in the yard of the Bell pub in Cornmarket Street in St Michael’s parish with his wife Eliza (30) and their four surviving children Catherine (8), Henry (6), Christopher (4), and Fanny (2).
Two more children were born in the early 1850s and died within months: Ann Charlton, born at the end of 1851, was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 30 April 1852; and Ann Eliza Norgrove Charlton, born in 1855, was buried on 9 October that year.
The family moved to St Ebbe’s between the end of 1855 and 1857, and John was described as a cook when his son Josiah was baptised at the end of 1857.
John (Jack) Charlton died at St Ebbe’s in early 1861:
† John Charlton died at Penson’s Gardens, St Ebbe’s at the age of 44 on 24 March 1861 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 29 March (burial recorded in the parish register of St Michael’s Church).
His death notice in Jackson’s Oxford Journal read: “March 24, after a long and painful illness, Mr. John Charlton, leaving a widow and seven children to lament their loss; he was highly respected by all who knew him.”
At the time of the 1861 census Mrs Eliza Charlton, a widow of 39, was working as a dressmaker and living at 4 King’s Terrace, St Ebbe’s with her five youngest surviving children: Henry (17), who was a whitesmith; and Christopher (14), Fanny (12), and Jack (7), and Josiah William Charlton (3). Catherine (19), recorded as Kate, was visiting the Fox family in Southwark. Emily (18) was living permanently with her widowed grandmother Mrs Catherine Charlton (80) in a lodging house in South Parade, Summertown.
Eliza’s son Christopher Samuel Charlton died the following year:
† Christopher Samuel Charlton died at St Ebbe’s at the age of 15 on 31 March 1862 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 4 April (burial recorded in the parish register of St Michael’s Church).
Her son Jack Charlton died in 1865:
† Jack Charlton died at St Ebbe’s at the age of 12 on 30 April 1865 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 4 May (burial recorded in the parish register of St Michael’s Church).
Eliza’s mother-in-law Catherine Charlton died in 1865 and was buried at Summertown (will).
Two of Eliza’s daughters were married in 1866:
- On 7 August 1866 at St Michael & All Angels’ Church, Summertown, Emily Charlton married the college servant John Alder: both were described as being of Oxford
- In the fourth quarter of 1866 in Oxford, Fanny Charlton (17) married Arthur Charles Brookland (18)
At the time of the 1871 census Mrs Eliza Charlton was still living as a dressmaker and living at Norfolk Street with her daughter Catherine (28) and Josiah William (13). Also with her was her granddaughter Kate Charlton (3), Catherine’s illegitimate daughter.
Her son Henry Charles Norgrove Charlton died in Marylebone at the age of 27 in 1872.
Her daughter Emily Alder, who in 1871 was living in Magpie Lane (then called Grove Street) with her husband John Alder, who was a college servant, and their children Charlotte (2) and Edith (eight months), plus a graduate student lodger and a 13-year-old servant girl, died in Oxford at the age of 31 in 1876.
In 1881 Eliza’s address was given as 8 Norfolk Street, and her daughter Catherine (33) and her son Josiah William (23), who was a tinplate worker, were still living with her. Kate (13) was still living with her, but was now discreetly described as her niece.
Two more of her children were married later in 1881:
- On 19 April 1881 at St Clement’s Church, Oxford, Josiah William Charlton (23) married Nellie Pain (24), the daughter of the St Clement’s draper Alfred Pain
- On 29 December 1881 at St Ebbe’s Church, Oxford , Catherine Charlton (35) married Robert George Hawes (37), a tailor of Godalming.
In 1885 Josiah, who had been living with his wife and children in Wood Street, St Ebbe’s, became the landlord of the Bell Inn at 18 Cornmarket. His mother evidently went to live there with him and his wife, as she died at the inn in 1889:
† Mrs Eliza Charlton née Bourton died at the Bell Inn, Cornmarket at the age of 69 in 1889 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 11 September (burial recorded in the parish register of St Michael’s Church).
Surviving children of John and Eliza Charlton
- Catherine Charlton, Mrs Hawes (born 1842) and her husband Robert, who was a tailor, had no children. At the time of the 1891 census they were living at 38 Paradise Square, St Ebbe’s with Catherine’s daughter Kate Charlton (23), who was a draper’s assistant, and two lodgers. In 1901 Catherine and her husband were living alone at 40 Bartlemas Road. In 1911 Catherine (65), described by occupation as “Doing what she can” and her husband Robert (67), who was still a tailor, were living at 51 Bartlemas Road. She died there in 1915 at the age of 69, and was buried at Rose Hill Cemetery on 14 January.
- Fanny Charlton, Mrs Brookland (born 1848) was living at 6 Friars Street, St Ebbe’s in 1871 with her husband Arthur, who was a tailor, and their daughters Frances (4) and Eliza (nine months). In 1881 they were living at Norgrove House, 17 Forbury Road, Portsea with Frances (14), Eliza (10), Rosa (8), Thomas (7), and Ada (3). In 1891 they are at 14 Russell Street, Portsea with one more child, Edith (9). Fanny died at Portsea at the age of 46 in 1895.
- Josiah William Charlton (born 1857) and his wife had two children baptised at St Ebbe’s Church while they were living at Wood Street: Frederick William Norgrove Charlton (1882) and Gertrude Eliza Charlton (1884). At the time of the 1891 census Josiah (33) was still the landlord of the Bell Inn in Cornmarket, and was living there with his wife Nellie (33) and their children Frederick (8), Gertrude (6), Mabel (4), Lillian (2), and Olive (seven months). By 1901 he was the licensed victualler at 94 Friar Street, St Ebbe’s, and had three more children: Harold (9), Mildred (7), and Alexander (4). He was at the same address with Nellie in 1911, but was now working as a gas stoker, and six of their eight children were still at home. Josiah William Charlton died in Oxford at the age of 89 near the beginning of 1947.