Joseph BATES (c.1790–1868)
His wife Mrs Mary Durance BATES, née Butcher (1791–1858)
Their daughter Miss Emma BATES (1815–1873)
St Giles section: Row 10, Grave B43

Joseph Bates








Joseph Bates was born in High Wycombe on 1 January 1792, the son of Samuel Bates and Ann Turner.

Mary Durance Butcher was born at North Audley Street in London in 1791.

Joseph Bates and Mary Durance Butcher were married at Amersham on 23 March 1812 and had the following children:

  • Mary Ann Bates (born in Buckinghamshire on 2 May 1813)
  • Emma Bates (born in High Wycombe on 22 October 1815)
  • Joseph Bates (born in High Wycombe on 2 March 1817)
  • William Bates (born in Thorney, Buckinghamshire on 2 May 1818)
  • John Bates (born in High Wycombe on 11 March 1821)
  • Charles Bates (born In Buckinghamshire on 13 August 1823)
  • Louisa Bates (born in Summertown on 28 August 1825 and baptised at St Giles's Church on 30 October)
  • Edward Bates (born in Summertown on17 August 1827 and baptised at St Giles's Church 14 September)
  • Frederick Bates (born in Summertown on 28 March 1832 and baptised at St Giles's Church on 15 April).

Joseph & Mary Bates initially lived in Buckinghamshire, where their eldest children were born. By early 1825 they had moved to the new village of Summertown, where building had started in 1820. Summertown had no church of its own at the time, and was in the parish of St Giles.

When Summertown did get its first church in 1832, John Badcock wrote a detailed description of every family there to aid the new vicar. He described the Bates family thus:

Bates, Mr. Josh. Bates abt. 40
Mrs. Bates not quite perhaps.
[He then listed all their children, with their birthdays as above]

This family are regularly at Church. The first two daughters are very prudent young persons. The elder one is a great assistant to her mother in family concerns and the second, Miss Emma, is daily attending to the education of her younger brothers and sister. Since I commenced this little book, Joseph and William, the elder boys, have begun to assist in the Sunday School and their kind attentions are useful there….

The first mention of Joseph Bates in Jackson’s Oxford Journal is on 25 May 1833, when he won a prize for his asparagus at the Oxford, Oxfordshire, & Neighbouring Counties Horticultural Society exhibition at the Town Hall on the 23rd.

At the time of the 1841 census Joseph Bates was a nurseryman living at Church Street, Summertown with his children Mary Ann, John, Charles, Louisa, Edward, and Frederick. Mary Ann died later that year at the age of 28 and was buried at Summertown Church on 20 October 1841.

Bates advert in 1846

By 1846 Joseph Bates had moved down to the Parks Nursery (later Bates Nursery) at the south end of the Banbury Road (the part stretching between St Giles’s School and Jonathan Browning’s house on the site of the former Acland Home), but he still kept on his Summertown premises. The advertisement on the right was published in Hunt's Directory for 1846.

By the time of Gardner’s Directory for 1852 it was also a florist’s shop.

At the time of the 1851 census Joseph (60), described as a master nurseryman, and his wife Mary (60) were living at Bates Nursery on their own. Their daughter Louisa (24) was still in Summertown, presumably at their former home, where she was the head of the household, and living with her were her sister Emma (35), who was a governess, and her brothers Charles (27) and Frederick (21), who were florists. Her nephew Joseph D. Bates (6) was also with them on census night. William (32) was married and living in London with his wife and child, and his unmarried brother John (30), who was also living with him: both were assistant florists.

On 5 June 1856 at St Giles’s Church, Oxford their daughter Louisa Bates (30) married Edwin James Filsell (39).

Mrs Bates died in 1858:

† Mrs Mary Durance Bates née Butcher died at the Parks Nursery, Banbury Road at the age of 68 on 25 November 1858 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 2 December (burial recorded in the parish register of St Giles’s Church).

Her death notice in Jackson’s Oxford Journal read:

Nov. 25, at the Parks Nursery, in this city, after a long and painful illness, borne with Christian resignation, Mary Durance Bates, wife of Mr. Joseph Bates, to the inexpressible grief of her family, in her 68th year; deservedly respected by all who knew her.

At the time of the 1861 census Joseph Bates (70), still working as a nurseryman, was living at Bates Nursery. His unmarried daughter Emma (46) was acting as his housekeeper, and they also had a 16-year-old servant girl.

Joseph Bates died in 1868:

† Joseph Bates died at the Parks Nursery, Banbury Road, at the age of 77 on 22 January 1868 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 28 January (burial recorded in the parish register of St Giles’s Church).

His death notice in Jackson’s Oxford Journal read: “Jan. 22, at the Parks, Oxford, after a short illness, in the 78th year of his age, Mr. Joseph Bates, much respected by all who knew him.”

His unmarried daughter Emma took over his nursery, and was living there at the time of the 1871 census. Her sister Mrs Louisa Filsell, who appears to have separated from her husband, was also living there with her children.

Emma died in 1873:

† Miss Emma Bates died at St Giles Road East at the age of 58 on 28 February 1873 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 5 March (burial recorded in the parish register of St Giles’s Church).

The nursery was then taken over by Emma’s sister, Mrs Louisa Filsell.

Other surviving children of Joseph & Mary Bates
  • Joseph Bates junior (born 1817): see separate grave
  • William Bates (born 1818) married Isabel ?Isabella Bunce (born in Cripplegate, London in 1819/20) in the ?Aylesbury district in 1847 and they had two children in London: Charles (born in Marylebone in 1848/9 and Isabel (born at Maiden Hill in 1850/1), At the time of the 1861 census William was a florist, and he and his ???wife and ?? daughter were living at the Horse & Jockey pub with his widower brother John, the landlord there. He died at Wellington, Somerset on 28 October 1870, and his family inserted a notice in Jackson’s Oxford Journal
  • John Bates (born 1821): see separate grave
  • Charles Bates (born 1823) married Louisa Harris in Oxford in 1851 and they had six children: Mary, Frederick, and Emma born in Summertown, and Willilam, Edward, and Emily born in Oxford. At the time of the 1861 census he was a florist living at Plantation Road with his wife and five eldest children. [Is he the Charles John Bates died H Sep 1861?]
  • Louisa Bates, Mrs Edwin Filsell (born 1825): see separate grave
  • Edward Bates (born 1827) and Frederick Bates (born 1832) are both hard to trace after the 1841 census



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