Frederick William BANNER (1856–1880)
St Giles section: Row 53, Grave P42
IN LOVING MEMORY
SON OF THE
REVD. T. B. BANNER
DIED MAY 30, 1880. AGE 23 YEARS
“Because I live ye shall live also”
Frederick William Banner was born in Liverpool in 1856. He was the son of Thomas Bowdon Banner, who was born at Lodge Lane, Princes Park Liverpool on 14 July 1822; and his paternal grandparents were the merchant Harmood Banner and Ann Billinge. Frederick’s father had come up to Brasenose College in 1841, and after obtaining his BA in 1844 was ordained. His mother, Elizabeth Bradshaw Stewart, known as Eliza, was born in Childwall, Hale, Liverpool around 1822/3.
His parents were married in Hale, Lancashire on 25 October 1848, and the following announcement was placed in the Blackburn Standard of 1 November:
[On Wednesday last], at Hale Church, by the Rev. William Stewart, M.A., the Rev. Thomas Bowdon Banner, M.A., incumbent of South Shore, near Blackpool, and son of Harmood Banner, Esq., of Liverpool, to Elizabeth Bradshaw, eldest daughter of the said Rev. William Stewart.
They had the following children:
- Eliza Stewart Banner (born at Bispham, South Shore, Lancashire on 14 August 1849)
- Thomas Newton Banner (born at Prescot, Lancashire in January 1851 and baptised at South Shore on 1 February)
- Edward Harmood Banner (born in Farnworth, Lancashire in 1852/3)
- Florence Ellen Banner (born in Liverpool in 1855, reg. second quarter)
- Frederick William Banner (born in Liverpool in 1856, reg. fourth quarter)
- Mary Harmood Banner (born in Liverpool in 1857/8, reg. first quarter of 1858)
- Francis Stewart Banner (twin, born in Liverpool in 1859/60, reg. first quarter of 1860)
- Frances Newton Banner (twin, born in Liverpool in 1859/60, reg. first quarter of 1860)
At the time of the 1851 census Frederick’s father Thomas Bowdon Banner (28) was the Curate of South Shore and was living at Parsonage House there with his wife and his first two children: Eliza (1) and Thomas (two months).
On 1 October 1853 it was announced in the Preston Guardian that Frederick’s father Thomas had resigned the incumbency of South Shore. In 1854 he was appointed Perpetual Curate at the Church of the Holy Innocents in Liverpool.
Frederick’s sister Eliza appears to have died in Liverpool in 1860; and his brother Thomas also disappears from the records around this time.
At the time of the 1861 census Frederick (4) was living at Grove Park, Toxteth with his parents and his siblings Eliza (11), Thomas (10), Edward (8), Florence (6), Frederick (4), Mary (3), and the twins Francis and Frances (1), plus four servants: a cook, housemaid, and two nurses.
In 1871 Frederick was a 14-year-old schoolboy living at Park Lodge, Toxteth Park with his parents and his siblings Edward (18), who was an architect; and Florence (16), Mary (13), and the twins Francis and Frances (11), who were all at school. They had two servants.
In 1876 in Liverpool, Frederick’s brother Edward Harmood Banner married Louisa Lawrence.
Frederick was matriculated at the University of Oxford as a non-collegiate student at the age of 19 on 10 March 1876. An Act of 1868 allowed students who were not connected to any college to matriculate as members of the University, keeping their required terms of residence in houses or licensed lodging in Oxford.
Frederick died in hospital in Oxford near the end of his course. The cause of his death was given in the hospital register as “scarlet fever, nephriti, cervical abscess, pyaemia”:
† Frederick William Banner died in the Radcliffe Infirmary at the age of 23 on 30 May 1880 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 1 June (burial recorded in the parish register of St Giles’s Church).
His death notice, inserted in Jackson’s Oxford Journal on 5 June 1880, gives no additional information, and simply reads: “May 30, at the Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, Frederick William Banner, of Liverpool, Unattached Student of the University, aged 23.”
In the spring of the following year, the 1881 census shows Frederick’s parents at home in the Lodge in Toxteth, while Frederick’s five surviving siblings were in a lodging house at 2 Upper Parade, Liscard, near Birkenhead. Edward (28), who was accompanied by his children Ida (3) and twins Norah and Clara (1) but not by his wife, was an architect and surveyor; the three girls Florence (26), Mary (23), and Frances (21) had no occupation; and Francis (21) was a student of theology.
Parents of Frederick William Banner
- Frederick’s mother Mrs Eliza Bradshaw Banner died at Toxteth Park in 1890. His father Thomas Bowdon Banner died at Toxteth Park at the age of 69 on 30 January 1892, and his effects came to £6,801 2s. 6d.
Surviving siblings of Frederick William Banner
- Edward Harmood Banner (born 1852/3) was still working as an architect & surveyor in 1891: aged 38, he was living at 19 Marmion Road, Toxteth Park with his wife Louisa and children Ida (13), Norah (11), and Clara (10), plus a housemaid and cook. In 1901 they were all living at 24 Cavendish Road, Blundellsands, and there was a fourth daughter, Edwarda, aged six. Edward died there on 28 March 1931, and his effects came to £5,869 0s. 9d.
- Florence Ellen Banner (born 1855) never married. In 1901 when she was aged 46 she was boarding with her sister Frances (41) at a hotel in Falkner Street, Liverpool. She died at a Bournemouth Nursing home on 13 March 1935, and her death was announced in The Times. Her effects came to £11,804 7s. 6d.
- Mary Harmood Banner, Mrs Hamilton (born 1857/8) was living with her maternal aunt, Miss Anne Stewart (70) at 10 Welfield Place, Toxteth Park at the time of the 1901 census; but her address was given as 14 Montpellier Terrace, Liverpool when on 9 July 1901, at the age of 43, she married 60-year-old William Hamilton, a retired shipowner of 144 Bedford Street, Liverpool at the Church of the Holy Innocents. In 1911 they were living at 6 York Avenue, Liverpool with two servants. This was still Mary’s main home when she died on 30 July 1940 at The Gables, Menlove Avenue, Liverpool. Her effects came to £8,139 16s. 9d.
- Francis Stewart Banner (born 1859/60) married Sophia Townson in Biggleswade, Bedfordshire in 1890, and at the time of the 1891 census was the Vicar of Dunham Hill and living with his new wife at Corn Hill Farm there. He died at La Quinta, Rue Maze, St Martin’s, Guernsey on 21 November 1935, and his effects came to £549 10s. 11d.
- Frances Newton Banner (born 1859/60) never married. In 1901 when she was 41 she was boarding with her sister Florence (46) at a hotel in Falkner Street, Liverpool. She was living at 21 Landsdowne Road, Bournemouth when on 15 June 1926 she died at the age of 65 at 21 Cavendish Road, Bournemouth. Her effects came to £5,395 0s. 7d.